Ethical Aspects of AI
Ethical aspects of AI is primarily concerned with the researcher who are able to build machines with intellectual capabilities that could challenge the mankind. It addressed a number of moral issues and legal issues because of unexpected consequences, danger and potential misuse of technology. It also considers the way in which AI may be used to benefit humanity. As we’ve have human rights in the same way there also exists robots rights which are more obligations of society towards its machines, similar to human rights or animal rights. Such as human and animal right, the AI right might include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law.
Autonomous robots and computer programs may be able to make choices and plan actions own their own, without the consent of their programmers or the instructions of their owners. As these machines gets self reliable, they may begin to behave ethically. Issac Asimov considered the issue in the 1950 in his book I, Robot. At the insistence of his editor John W. Campbell Jr., he proposed the Three Laws of Robotics to govern artificially intelligent systems.
The three laws of Robotics by John W. Campbell Jr. are as follows. A Robot:
- May not injure a human being or allow a human being to come to harm.
- Must obey the orders given by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
- A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Definition of AI
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the part of computer science which mainly concerns with designing intelligent computer systems. In other words, AI is a branch of science, which deals with helping machines, finds solutions to complex problems in a more human like fashion. Artificial Intelligence is generally associated with Computer Science, but it has many important links with other fields such as Psychology, Biology, Math, Cognition, Philosophy and many others.
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